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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.56 (5) (Sep - Oct, 2015) (719-727)

HYPERTENSION AND ASSOCIATED HEALTH PROBLEMS

Gargi Dhar* and Nandini Sarwate**
*B.Sc. Scholar and **Professor
Dept. of Home Science, Govt. MLB Girls PG College, Indore, MP 

Abstract

The aim of our study was to determine relationship between hypertension and associated health problems in hypertensive middle aged women. A cross-sectional survey was conducted at Indore City, Madhya Pradesh, by using a systematic randomized sampling method to select total 150 urban female, having systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mm Hg, aged 40-60yrs, irrespective of socioeconomic or caste or religion. Blood pressure was measured with a mercury column sphygmomanometer and information related to other health problems existing with hypertension (like anaemia, arthritis, cardiac problem, constipation, cough-cold, diabetes, diarrhoea, fever, gynaecological problem, headache, thyroid problem, joint pain, kidney problem, muscular pain, respiratory problem, other(Parkinson’s disease, cancer etc) were collected from each participant. Linear regression analysis was used to determine association. Hypertensive patients suffering from diabetes were 21.3 %, followed by cardiac problem (18.7%), hypothyroidism(9.3%), kidney problem (3.3%), arthritis (1.3%) and other including Parkinson’s disease, cancer etc(1.3%). Hypertension associated pain at different location of the body reported by the patients: headache (83.3%), joint pain (45.3%) and muscular pain (19.3%). Other two health problems attributed by hypertension were: respiratory problem (9.3%) and constipation (3.3%). 8% of our study population reported that hysterectomy and related gynaecological problems were closely associated with elevated blood pressure. Anaemic patients (3.3%) reported to be hypertensive after attack of any infectious diseases/ fever like Chikungunya. Among hypertensive participants; only 2.7% suffering frequently from fever, only 2% were suffering from cough, cold and diarrhoea, each. Linear regression revealed that only respiratory problem accounted for statistically significant (level of significance 5%) variation in systolic pressure. Hypertensive patients reported atleast one /more health problems, which may cause physical, social and emotional distress to the patients. So, it can be concluded that hypertension associated health problems may impair health related quality of life of the hypertensive patients.

Key words: Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Middle aged women, Co-morbid Diseases associated with hypertension, health-related quality of life (HRQOL).

Introduction

Co-morbidity with other diseases associated to hypertension may influence health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of hypertensive individual. In a recent population based study, it has been argued that the low health-related quality of life among those with hypertension is due to subsequent complications of the disease, not to hypertension in itself (Ayedemir, et al., 2005).

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