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Human Resource Development (HRD) Practices and Organizational Effectiveness: The Mediating Role of Employee Competencies

Frank Nana Kweku Otoo

Lecturer (Accountancy Department)
Faculty of Business and Management Studies
Koforidua Technical University, Ghana

Mridula Mishra

Department of Management
Faculty of Business and Applied Arts
Lovely Professional University
Jalandhar, Punjab, India


The aim of this paper is to examine the role of employee competencies in the relation between human resource development (HRD) practices and organizational effectiveness.An integrated research model was developed by combining principal factors from existing literature. Data were collected through questionnaire from600 employees of the selected hotels. The validity of the model and hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling (SEM).The reliability and validity of the dimensions are established through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The results indicate that somehuman resource development practices impact organizationaleffectiveness through their influence on employee competencies.Performance appraisal do not influence employee competencies of the firms studied. The findings of the study have the potential to help stakeholders and management of hotels in adopting properly and well-articulated HRD practices to improve employee competencies in enhancing organizational effectiveness. This study contributes to the human resource development literature, integrating HRD practices and employee competencies into a comprehensive research model that influences organizational effectiveness.

Key words: HRD practices, Employee competencies, Organizational effectiveness, SEM.

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