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Rural-Urban Gender Discrepancy in Indian Labour Market

S. Anitha

Ph.D Scholar
Department of Agricultural Economics
University of Agricultural Science
GKVK, Bengaluru – 530 065


India is the sixth largest economy by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). India has 479 million employees in both organized and unorganized sector. India’s labour force participation rate(LFPR) is 55.60 of which male LFPR is 79.80 per cent and female only 31.10 per cent. There is a persistent gender gap in LFPR in Indian labour market. Meanwhile rural–urban female LFPR gap is also at detrimental rate of 25 per cent at rural India and 15 per cent at urban India. Over the years female LFPR is declining both in rural and urban area but male LFPR remains stagnant for both rural and urban India. 65 percent of female labour force at rural area is employed in agricultural sector. But we could find lower participation of educated female force in urban organized sector like industry and manufacturing sector. Indian government should frame structural policies to empower women labour force in both organized and unorganized sectors to grow sustainably.

Keywords: Gender gap, Labour force participation, Indian labour market.

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