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SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS OF FARMERS ENGAGED IN BACKYARD POULTRY FARMING

Alimudeen S

IV B.V.Sc & AH Student
Madras Veterinary College
Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Chennai, Tamilnadu (India)

Thilakar P

Assistant Professor
Directorate of Extension Education
Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Chennai, Tamilnadu (India)

Bava Fakhrudeen S

PG Scholar
Department of Veterinary Medicine
College of Veterinary Science
Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Ludhiana, Punjab (India)

Abstract

With the commercialization of broiler and layer farming, native chicken farming is still in the hands of marginal and landless farmers. This study was conducted to document the socio-economic status of farmers engaged in native chicken farming in Perambalur district of Tamilnadu. The sample size consisted of 30 poultry farmers. The primary data were collected with the help of well-structured, pretested interview schedule developed based on the variables selected by experts opinions and published literatures. From this study it was recorded that males and females are almost equally involved in native chicken farming and majority of them are middle aged. More than three fourth of the farmers belongs to BC followed by MBC (16.67%) and SC (6.67%). Eighty percent of them had school education and thirty percent have more than 10 years of experience in the desi bird farming activities. Nearly one half of the farmers were landless and thirty per cent of the farmers reared only desi birds for their livelihood. Seventy per cent of them rear native chicken along with livestock such as goats and cows. To have additional to farmer unemployment, it is suggested that native chicken farming might be taken by marginal and landless farmer.

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