Tata Institute of Social Sciences
Mumbai, Maharashtra (India)
The realization of the nexus of dominance by dominant tribes over Adivasi communities started with the establishment of Adivasi Hakkula Porata Samithi (Thudum Debba). A tribal struggle between different groups started recently in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana with the introduction of Lambada, Yerukala and Yanadi communities as scheduled tribes in the year 1976 with the amendment of The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Order, 1950. The According to the 2011 census Lambada community in Telangana constitutes about 64.33% of the total scheduled tribe population, and the opportunities of the traditional tribes in education, employment, land holdings and political representation by the newly included communities in the ST list. This paper attempts to explain the constitutional basis for the inclusion of any community as a scheduled tribe. To study how the dominant communities harnessed the fruits of the reservation to access to the socio-economic and political power and attained the level were their predominance in number can influence in a policy change.
Key words: Adivasi, Article 342, Dominant Caste, Exploitation, Reservations, Tribal Social Movement.