Academic & Law Serials

Academic & Law Serials

Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Post Type Selectors
Article

To Assess Food Adulteration Related Awareness of Literate Female Homemakers in Chandigarh and Detection of Adulteration in Food Items Purchased by Them

Navreet

Department of Biotechnology and Food Processing
Amar Shaheed Baba Ajit Singh Jujhar Singh Memorial College
Bela, Ropar
Punjab

Roohi Grover

Department of Biotechnology and Food Processing
Amar Shaheed Baba Ajit Singh Jujhar Singh Memorial College
Bela, Ropar
Punjab

Abstract

The addition of chemicals, urea, brick dust, coal tar dyes, formalin, sand etc. into the food through the malpractice of adulteration is turning the food into poison. In this case awareness of female homemakers who are generally responsible for buying food for the family, regarding adulteration, common adulterants and knowledge about government regulations and acts against adulteration, can play more than pivotal role.

In the present study, 100 literate female homemakers residing in Chandigarh were selected through convenient sampling and surveyed. Then from 100 surveyed literate female homemakers 20 female homemakers were randomly selected and 5 food samples (wheat flour, oil, turmeric, salt and milk) were collected from each of those 20. The food samples were tested by using tests provided by FSSAI.

The findings of present study revealed that though all the literate female homemakers had knowledge that food items are being adulterated nowadays but they had poor knowledge regarding the common adulterants of food items. All the respondents used to detect the adulteration by their senses like visual inspection, touching and tasting and no one used the tests provided by FSSAI.

Only 1% respondents had knowledge about tests provided by FSSAI to detect adulteration. 87% respondents knew whom to complain in case of adulteration but only 19% among them had complained. They had complained to the seller of that adulterated food but not to consumer forum or FSSAI. 80% respondents knew that there are government regulations and acts in India against adulteration but 75% among them did not know name of any particular regulation or act. Among the food samples collected from the households of 20 literate female homemakers, adulteration was detected in milk, turmeric, salt and oil and not in wheat flour. Water was detected in 100% samples and starch in 45% milk samples. Artificial colors were present in 100% samples of turmeric and colored saw dust was present in 90% samples. 70% salt samples were adulterated with white chalk powder and 30% of salt samples did not contain Iodine. Argemone oil was used as adulterant in 85% of the oil samples. Thus from present study it can be concluded that literate female homemakers residing in Chandigarh have low awareness about the adulteration, common adulterants in food items and government laws and acts to curb the adulteration and most of the food samples collected from the households of 20 literate female homemakers were adulterated. Government, Public authorities and Panchayats should create awareness about quality standards, danger of consuming adulterated foods, consumer rights etc. through campaigns and national awareness programmes, so that homemakers can buy foodstuffs with proper diligence.

Keywords: Adulteration, Literate, Homemakers, Adulterants and FSSAI

Download This Article

Submit Article
close slider
Submit Article
Scroll to Top